What Is Active Trading?
Active trading is the practice of buying and selling assets for a rapid profit based on short-term market changes. The objective is to just maintain the post for a brief period of time. Active trading does not have a precise time measurement. Day traders who make tens or hundreds of transactions every day are particularly active traders, although swing traders who initiate or close positions every few days are also considered busy traders by many.
- The goal of active trading is to benefit from short-term price swings.
- Active traders want to hold deals just for a short amount of time.
- Active traders include day traders, scalpers, and swing traders, with scalpers and day traders being more active than swing traders.
Understanding Active Trading
Profiting from price changes in highly liquid marketplaces is the goal of active trading. As a result, active traders tend to concentrate on high-volume equities, foreign currency transactions, futures, and options that enable them to easily enter and exit positions.
Because price movements are likely to be minimal in the near term, active traders often utilize a large number of transactions to profit. Depending on the scenario, they will also employ a number of order kinds. They may employ a stop order to catch a breakout. For instance, if there is resistance around $50, they may create a buy stop order at $50.05, which would issue a purchase order if the price broke through $50 and reached $50.05.
If the market swings against the trader, a stop-loss order (a stop order designed to restrict losses) might help keep losses reasonable.
Limit orders may be used by an active trader to catch a good price. If a stock is selling at $30 and a trader wants to see if they can purchase at $29.50 on a brief decline, they may put a limit buy order at that price. Similarly, they may place a limit sell order at $31 to exit the position.
Such orders enable an active trader to purchase and sell without having to monitor the market at all times. They place their orders knowing that if the price hits specific levels, their orders will be fulfilled.
Because aggressive traders trade in short periods of time, fundamental or economic factors seldom play a part in the transactions. Technical and statistical analysis, on the other hand, play a larger role, with many active traders trading primarily on price movement or technical indications or notions.
Active Trading Strategies
Active traders are classified into three types. Even though they are all short-term traders, traders in each group prefer to trade in various quantities and on different time periods.
Day trading is purchasing and selling a securities on the same trading day, often in an effort to capitalize on a particular event that is believed to impact the stock’s price. A day trader, for example, may trade the erratic market action that follows a company’s results release or a central bank’s adjustment in interest rates. Typically, these traders will employ one, five, or fifteen-minute charts.
Scalping is making a large number of transactions in order to profit from tiny price differences in the very short term. For example, traders may exploit the considerable leverage provided by a foreign exchange broker to magnify gains from small price fluctuations based on tick charts and one-minute charts. Scalping encompasses a wide range of automated and quantitative trading tactics.
Swing trading entails holding positions for multiple days to several weeks. Swing traders profit from price movements that occur on hourly, four-hour, and/or daily price charts.
Active Trading Compared to Active Investing
While the terms “active trading” and “active investing” may seem similar, they reflect distinct market techniques. Active investing refers to actions undertaken by investors or fund managers in order to reorganize a securities portfolio. Active investors are always looking for alpha, which is the difference in return between an actively managed portfolio and an index, benchmark, or equivalent passive investment technique.
Passive investors, the polar opposite of active investors, usually claim that aggressive traders seldom beat passive index funds. This is mostly due to rising fees and expenses associated with active trading. However, many traders consistently exceed the indices, which is why active trading is so appealing due to the possibility for big profits (and higher risk).
Active trading has a shorter time horizon than active investment. While an investor may be active, they often want to retain holdings for a long time. Active traders are looking for considerably shorter-term deals.
Example of Active Trading on a One-Minute Chart
Active traders use a wide range of tactics. Even among day traders, no two are likely to trade precisely the same. The graphic below depicts how a price-action oriented day trader may trade a one-minute chart of the SPDR S& 500. (SPY).
In the case, the trader is looking for emerging patterns. Lower swing highs and lower swing lows in a decline. Higher swing highs and lower swing lows in the event of an upswing.
They are looking for consolidations followed by big movements back in the leading direction. If the price flips against them, they will lose money. When the price consolidates again or begins to move violently against the trend direction for at least one minute, they exit with a profit. The arrows represent deals in the arrow direction, whereas the “x” represents the trade’s departure.
Image by Julie Bang © Investopedia2021
Seven deals were started and terminated in three hours, for a total of 14 transactions.
The first deal resulted in a win, the second in a loss, the third in a win, the fourth in a tiny profit, the fifth in a minor loss, and the sixth and seventh in both winners. The active trader, like any other trader, is just seeking to earn more money than they lose on all of their deals. Because commissions and fees may rapidly build up when actively trading, earnings must be sufficient to cover these expenses.
The strategy discussed is for demonstration purposes only.
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