How to Refinance Your Mortgage

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How to Refinance Your Mortgage

By decreasing your interest rate, refinancing your mortgage might result in financial savings. Additionally, you may be able to draw on the equity you’ve accumulated in your house. Homeowners rushed to take advantage of record low rates in 2020, driving mortgage refinancing activity to a level not seen since 2003. However, before you choose to refinance, you should be aware of the following.

Key Takeaways

  • Mortgage refinancing is obtaining a new mortgage in order to settle your current one.
  • You may reduce your interest rate, monthly payments, and total cost of borrowing by refinancing your mortgage.
  • With a cash-out refinance, you may access your growing home equity.
  • Your credit rating, income, and present loan-to-value ratio are the main factors that determine whether you are eligible for a new loan.

Understanding Mortgage Refinancing

Refinancing a mortgage entails replacing an existing mortgage with a new one. Either the same lender or a separate lender may provide the new loan. When you get approval for a mortgage refinance, the previous loan is paid off, and you begin making payments on the new loan.

The procedure of refinancing a mortgage is comparable to applying for a mortgage for the first time. That covers a range of closing expenses. Homeowners shell around $5,000 on average for refinancing closing expenses, according to Freddie Mac. One distinction is that when you refinance, you are not obliged to put down a down payment as you would for an initial mortgage.


Closing fees may be rolled into your new mortgage by your lender, but doing so may raise both your monthly payments and your overall debt.

Benefits of Refinancing a Mortgage

Before moving forward, it’s crucial to consider the possible advantages of refinancing a house loan since the procedure may be time-consuming. The most typical reasons for house refinancing are as follows:

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You should also think about your break-even point if you wish to refinance in order to save money. When that happens, the money you save with the new loan starts to outweigh what you had to spend in upfront closing expenses. If you don’t plan to remain in your house for that long, refinancing may not be a sensible decision. Breaking even might take months or even years.

Finding your loan-to-value (LTV) ratio is important if you want to refinance your home with cash out. That is the difference between the amount you still owe and the home’s value. Early on in the process, you should be aware of this since, depending on your LTV, lenders could restrict the amount of equity you can extract. You may want to hold off on refinancing if it won’t provide you as much money as you’re looking for until you’ve built up more equity.


Like other mortgages, cash-out refinancing loans include using your house as collateral, so you run the danger of losing it if you can’t make payments.

How to Refinance Your Mortgage

Even before you apply, there are a lot of processes involved in refinancing. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to do it.

Check your credit

When you apply for a loan, lenders will verify your credit history and score. Reviewing your credit reports from the main credit agencies is a smart idea if you haven’t done it recently. At, copies are available without charge.

You may get a general sense of the refinancing rates you could be eligible for by looking through your credit reports. Before you apply for a loan, you may also use this chance to look for flaws so you can dispute them and perhaps have them fixed. On their websites, the credit bureaus provide instructions for doing that.

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Even though it is based on the data in your credit reports, your credit score is not one of them. Your credit score can be freely available from one or more of your credit card companies. Otherwise, a number of additional sites provide free credit ratings.

Decide what type of loan you want

You have the option to modify your mortgage’s conditions by refinancing. Consider if a 15- or 20-year loan would be preferable to a new 30-year loan, for instance, if you presently have a 30-year loan.

The monthly payments on a loan with a shorter term will be greater, but you will pay less interest overall over the course of the loan, which will result in a quicker payoff of your mortgage.

Compare different lenders’ rates and terms

You’ll probably save money by looking around for the best mortgage refinancing rates. You may begin by checking the rates being offered by your present lender for convenience’s sake.

You may then broaden your search to include more lenders, including online ones. Check on their: In addition to their quoted interest rates.

  • Minimum income and credit score requirements
  • Required loan-to-value ratios (for cash-out refinance loans)
  • Estimated time to close
  • Closing costs
  • Loan repayment terms

Apply for the new mortgage

Once you’ve determined the lender you wish to work with, you can begin the application procedure.

When you apply for refinancing, you may be reminded of the process you went through to get your previous mortgage. So be ready to provide specifics on your income, possessions, and debts. A mountain of paperwork, including bank statements, pay stubs, and statements from investment accounts, may be required by the lender.

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You’ll probably need to have your house assessed as part of the refinancing procedure as well. When evaluating a new loan, the appraiser assists the lender in determining the value of the property. A government-backed loan, such as one from the Federal Housing Authority, the Veterans Administration, or the U.S. Department of Agriculture, may not, however, need an appraisal.

Finalize your loan terms

You need to be quite close to finalizing the terms of a new loan at this point. Your lender can let you lock in your rate in exchange for a fee. This indicates that your interest rate won’t change until the loan closes. Depending on the state of interest rates, it may be advantageous to lock in your rate. It could be worthwhile to pay for a rate lock if rates are unstable or seem to be rising.


You may assess the expenses and possible savings of refinancing at different interest rates using one of the many mortgage refinance calculators available online. To ensure that the findings are consistent, try a few.

The Bottom Line

If it enables you to save money, cash out part of your home equity, receive better loan terms, or pursue whatever your objectives are, refinancing your mortgage may be a wise decision. Although the processes aren’t difficult, they might take a while. To maximize your savings and make the work worthwhile, it may be crucial to thoroughly evaluate mortgage rates and other parameters.

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