Technical Analysis for Stocks: Beginners Overview

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Technical Analysis for Stocks: Beginners Overview

Many investors examine companies based on fundamentals such as sales, valuation, or industry trends, but fundamentals aren’t necessarily reflected in market pricing. Technical analysis attempts to forecast price changes by looking at previous data, primarily price and volume.

It uses approaches such as statistical analysis and behavioral economics to assist traders and investors in navigating the gap between intrinsic value and market pricing. Technical analysis may assist traders predict what is most likely to happen based on prior data. Most investors base their judgments on both technical and fundamental research.

Key Takeaways

  • At first, technical analysis, or the use of charts to find trading signals and price patterns, may seem overpowering or obscure.
  • Beginners should first grasp why technical analysis may be used to uncover profit chances by providing a window into market psychology.
  • Concentrate on a certain trading method and create a disciplined plan that you can execute without allowing emotions or second-guessing to interfere.
  • Find a broker that can help you implement your strategy on a budget while also offering a trading platform with the necessary tools.

Technical Analysis Strategies For Beginners

Choose the Right Approach

There are two approaches to technical analysis. The top-down technique and the bottom-up approach are the most common. Short-term traders often use a top-down technique, while long-term investors use a bottom-up one. Furthermore, there are five fundamental stages to getting started with technical analysis.


The top-down strategy is a macroeconomic study that begins with the general economy and progresses to individual securities. In the case of equities, a trader would initially concentrate on economies, then sectors, and last firms. This strategy focuses on short-term returns rather than long-term prices. A trader, for example, could be interested in equities that have broken out from their 50-day moving average as a buying opportunity.

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The bottom-up method focuses on individual equities rather than a macroeconomic perspective. It entails looking for probable entry and exit opportunities in a stock that looks to be fundamentally intriguing. For example, an investor may discover a cheap stock in a downtrend and utilize technical analysis to determine a precise entry moment when the price may be about to bottom out. They seek value in their judgments and want to keep their transactions for the long term.

Aside from these concerns, various kinds of traders may want to use different methods of technical analysis. Day traders may make choices using basic trendlines and volume indicators, although swing or position traders may choose chart patterns and technical indicators. Traders creating automated algorithms may have totally distinct needs that depend on a mix of volume and technical indicators to drive decision-making.

1. Pick a Strategy or Develop a Trading System

The first stage is to devise a trading strategy or system. A rookie trader, for example, may elect to use a moving average crossover technique, in which they would watch two moving averages (50-day and 200-day) on a certain stock price movement.

If the short-term 50-day moving average crosses over the long-term 200-day moving average, it suggests an upward price trend and gives a buy signal for this approach. A sell signal is the inverse of this.

Image by Sabrina Jiang © Investopedia2020

2. Identify Securities

Not all companies or securities will fit into the aforementioned technique, which is best suited for highly liquid and volatile equities rather than illiquid or steady stocks. Different stocks or contracts may also need different parameter selections, such as 15-day and 50-day moving averages.

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3. Find the Right Brokerage

Find a trading account that supports the sort of securities you want to trade (e.g., common stock, penny stock, futures, options, etc.).It should provide the necessary capability for tracking and monitoring the chosen technical indicators while keeping costs low in order to prevent eroding earnings. A simple account using moving averages on candlestick charts will suffice for the aforementioned method.

4. Track and Monitor Trades

Depending on their technique, traders may want varying degrees of functionality. Day traders, for example, will want a margin account with access to Level II quotations and market maker insight. However, in our previous example, a basic account may be desirable as a lower-cost choice.

5. Use Additional Software or Tools

Other characteristics may be required to enhance performance. Some traders may demand mobile notifications or mobile trading access, whilst others may rely on automated trading systems to make transactions on their behalf.

Tips and Risk Factors

Trading may be difficult, so do your study beyond the things mentioned above. Other important issues include:

  • Understanding the reasoning and logic of technical analysis.
  • Trading methods are backtested to examine how they might have fared in the past.
  • Trading on a demo account before committing real money.
  • To prevent expensive failures and surprises, be mindful of the limits of technical analysis.
  • Being intelligent and adaptable in terms of scalability and future needs.
  • Trying to examine the characteristics of a trading account by seeking a free trial.
  • Begin small and gradually increase as you acquire experience.

The Bottom Line

Many investors use both fundamental and technical research when making investment choices because technical analysis helps cover knowledge gaps. Technical analysis may help traders and investors increase their long-term risk-adjusted returns, but it’s critical to learn and apply these strategies before investing real money to prevent expensive errors.

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